© Don Marshall 2012
London Brighton & South Coast Railway
The London Brighton & South Coast Railway was formed by a merger of five pre-existing companies in 1846 and operated from London to a large area of Sussex and almost all of Surrey. Its main London station was London Bridge. Throughout the life of the Company it was plagued by problems stemming from its relationship with rival Companies, eg, the South Eastern Railway and the London & South Western Railway.
The LBSCR was one of the earliest users of electrification as the motive power but the prime movers were always steam locomotives. It was also an enthusiastic user of Pullman trains from London to its main coastal resort of Brighton.
It has always been a favourite railway of both the enthusiast and the modeller primarily, I believe, due to the colourful livery of the locomotives which were of a yellow ochre hue quite unlike any other in the country at the time. (other than the Highland Railway who soon changed it and which few people had seen due to the remoteness, at the time, of the Highland Railway)). The colour was brought down from the Highland Railway by it's originator, William Stroudley, who was the locomotive superintendent of the LBSCR from 1869-1889. While at the HR he had been asked to choose a new colour instead of the green in use for the Highland locomotives. He arrived at a yellow ochre hue which he described as "an improvement on Engine Green" thus dodging the issue of actually naming the colour. During the course of time this description changed to become "Stroudley's Improved Engine Green" . Of course it was never green at all.
A decent synopsis of the railway can be found on Wikipedia.